Australian Flora
Discover The Diversity

Australian flora is very vast and I am no expert so I’ll just cover some of our favourites and show a few photos of some of our plants and trees.

Australian trees and flora vary across the different environments of our vast country.

The most important determining factor is rainfall, which is followed closely by temperature.

Native Australian flora is a unique group because of its age and isolation from the rest of the world. The Australian landscape is like no other.

The landscape of Australia has a bit of everything from the mountain ranges to the rainforests and from the inland red deserts to the white sand dunes of the coast.

The main type of vegetation in Australia is the grasslands of the arid regions of Western Australia, South Australia and the Northern Territory.

Native plant species in Australia number around 24,000.

Listed below are many of our native Australian Flora .. just click on the links to discover more

royal bluebell The Royal Blubell is found mainly in the high mountain regions of the ACT, southeast NSW and Vic.

Waratah Waratah is found in New South Wales on the Central Coast the South Coast and the nearby ranges.

Cooktown Orchid The Cooktown Orchid is found in northern Queensland, from Johnston River to Iron Range.

Sturt's Desert Rose Sturt's Desert Rose is found in the Northern Territory and all mainland states of Australia, except Victoria.

Red and Green Kangaroo Paw Red and Green Kangaroo Paw is found throughout the southwest of WA, around Geraldton and near Perth.

Sturt's Desert Pea Sturt's Desert Pea is found in the Northern Territory and all mainland states of Australia, except Victoria.

Pink Heath Pink Heath is found in coastal regions and foothills, it is also widespread and common in Tasmania.

Tasmanian Blue Gum Tasmanian Blue Gum is found in Tasmania, on King and Flinders Islands and in southern Victoria.

One of Australia’s most well known species is the wattle, there are about 600 species of wattle or acacia. The Golden Wattle is the Australian National Floral Emblem.

Eucalyptus or Gum Trees

Gum Tree Gum Tree Flowers

Eucalypts or gum trees, are the most well known of all Australian trees. Eucalyptus is a diverse genus (category) of trees. Eucalyptus trees are the dominant trees of the Australian native flora.

Many, but not all, are known as gum trees because of the habit of many species to ooze sap from breaks in the bark.

Coolibah Trees

Coolibah Tree

Coolibah trees belong to the Eucalypt family. Coolibahs grow to about 20 metres high, and are an unusual looking tree. The coolibah tree is featured in the Iconic Australian song “Waltzing Matilda” by A.B. (Banjo) Paterson.

Boab Trees

Boab Tree

The Boab is a medium sized tree, they normally grow to a height of 9 to 12 metres. The base of the boab can be very large.

The boab can be found in the Kimberley region of Western Australia. The Boab is closely related to the baobabs of Africa and Madagascar.

Some boab trees are amongst the oldest living things in Australia today, and amongst the oldest living things on earth.

Grass Trees

Grass Trees Grass trees are a category of flowering plants native only to Australia.

Grass trees have a lifespan of around 600 years but are very slow growing.

Grass trees are very tough, they can endure droughts and bushfires, the bushfire will burn the trees but they will re-grow.

Grass trees used to be called blackboys but this name is considered to belong to the past.


Spinifex Spinifex is an Australian grass, which occurs in more than 20% of Australia, and in all states except Tasmania.

Spinifex grows in a ball shape, the inside of the grass is made up of closely matted stems and dead leaves, while the green leaves are on the outside.


Grevillea Grevilleas belong to the family Proteaceae

There are a lot of different species of grevillea, with hundreds of varieties and sub species, most of these are native to Australia.


Banksia Banksias belong to the family Proteaceae.

There are over 70 different species of banksias, with all but one of these being native to Australia.



Bottlebrush belongs to the family Myrtaceae.

There are over 30 species of bottlebrush, most of these are native to Australia.

Bottlebrush can vary in size from about 0.5 metres up to about 15 metres.

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